ENSO Updates

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NDG
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11681 Postby NDG » Mon Aug 17, 2020 6:32 am

Eastern ENSO regions warmed up last week, I am sure because of the MJO.

Nino 1+2 up to -0.9C
Nino 3 up to -0.3C
Nino 3.4 up to -0.5C
Nino 3 down to -0.4C
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11682 Postby Kingarabian » Mon Aug 17, 2020 3:05 pm

NDG wrote:Eastern ENSO regions warmed up last week, I am sure because of the MJO.

Nino 1+2 up to -0.9C
Nino 3 up to -0.3C
Nino 3.4 up to -0.5C
Nino 3 down to -0.4C


A lot to do with it. There's also some downwelling beneath the eastern regions to keep Nino 3.4 in cool neutral territory. We're seeing cool-neutral prevail despite the trade bursts and I think it will continue until October. So not a good sign, as the ENSO state will continue to resemble 2005 and 2017.
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11683 Postby WAcyclone » Tue Aug 18, 2020 6:40 am

The BoM just issued a La Nina Alert, meaning there is now a 70% chance of La Nina forming later this year.

La Niña ALERT—likelihood of La Niña in spring has increased

ENSO Outlook
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is currently neutral. However, continued cooling of the surface of the tropical Pacific Ocean, changes in tropical weather patterns, and climate model outlooks shifting further towards La Niña mean the Bureau's ENSO Outlook has moved to La Niña ALERT.

La Niña ALERT indicates the chance of La Niña forming in 2020 is around 70%—roughly three times the average likelihood.

ENSO indicators in the tropical Pacific Ocean are consistent with the early stages of La Niña development. Surface waters are cooler than average, while sub-surface temperatures have cooled further over the past fortnight.

In the atmosphere, trade winds are stronger than average, while the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) remains neutral but positive. Equatorial cloudiness near the Date Line is also below average.

All international climate models surveyed suggest the tropical Pacific Ocean will cool further, with three of the eight models reaching La Niña thresholds in September, and two more in October.

The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is currently neutral, despite the index dropping sharply in the last week. Large parts of the Indian Ocean are warmer than average, with some weak cool anomalies near the Horn of Africa. Half of the six surveyed models indicate negative IOD thresholds could be met or exceeded during spring.

Both La Niña and negative IOD typically increase the chance of above average rainfall across much of Australia during spring.

The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is currently negative, but is expected to soon become weakly positive. At this time of year negative SAM is typically associated with above-average rainfall over southern Australia.

The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) is in the eastern Pacific and is expected to continue eastwards towards Africa. At this time of year an MJO pulse in this region has little influence on rainfall over northern Australia.


http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/#tabs=Overview
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11684 Postby StruThiO » Sat Aug 22, 2020 12:07 pm

subsurface heat content has decreased below its mid May minima, although a recent period of relaxed trades associated with the active phase of the MJO will likely prevent further cooling for a while.

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Re: ENSO Updates

#11685 Postby NDG » Mon Aug 24, 2020 7:26 am

Cool down last week in most ENSO regions.

Nino 1+2 down to -1.1C
Nino 3 down to -0.7C
Nino 3.4 down to -0.8C
Nino 4 up to -0.2C
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11686 Postby Kingarabian » Thu Sep 03, 2020 2:45 am

Pretty good trade burst on the way.

Image


New downwelling Kelvin wave generated but the above trade burst should re-affirm the upwelling Kelvin wave. Moderate La Nina for the fall looking very likely.
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11687 Postby weeniepatrol » Mon Sep 07, 2020 4:49 pm

All regions cooled.

Nino 1+2: -1.6
Nino 3: -1.3
Nino 3.4: -0.9
Nino 4: -0.3
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11688 Postby weeniepatrol » Mon Sep 07, 2020 4:54 pm

ONI for JJA was -0.4C. La nina is imminent
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11689 Postby Kingarabian » Tue Sep 08, 2020 2:50 pm

Atmosphere is still lagging behind the ocean for a true La Nina event, but CFS says that's about to change. Despite the successive trade burst all late Spring, Summer, and now into the Fall the low pressure bias still does not resemble a La Nina. Even the SOI is having trouble staying above the +10 mark. There should be a solid contour over the the MC (true indication of a La Nina) but it has not been able to materialize. Maybe that'll change soon.

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Re: ENSO Updates

#11690 Postby SconnieCane » Tue Sep 08, 2020 4:33 pm

:uarrow: Perhaps explains why shear has persisted across the Atlantic MDR and Caribbean more so than many anticipated. Looks like Paulette and Rene will struggle to become intense hurricanes. Models suggest things might be different for eventual Sally (assuming no homebrew mischief spins up and steals that name in the next few days), but that remains to be seen.
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Re: ENSO Updates: Breaking News: CPC=La Niña is present

#11691 Postby cycloneye » Thu Sep 10, 2020 8:44 am

EL NIÑO/SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO)
DIAGNOSTIC DISCUSSION
issued by
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER/NCEP/NWS
and the International Research Institute for Climate and Society
10 September 2020

ENSO Alert System Status: La Niña Advisory


Synopsis: La Niña conditions are present and are likely to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter (~75% chance).

In August, La Niña conditions were present, with below-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) extending across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean [Fig. 1]. In the last week, all Nino indices were negative, with the Nino-3.4 index at -0.9°C and the Nino-1+2 and Nino-3 indices cooler than -1.0°C [Fig. 2]. Equatorial subsurface temperature anomalies averaged across 180°-100°W were negative [Fig. 3], with the largest departures observed in the east-central Pacific from the surface to 200m depth [Fig. 4]. Atmospheric circulation anomalies over the tropical Pacific were also generally consistent with La Niña, despite sub-seasonal variability during the month. The low-level and upper-level winds were near average for the month as a whole, but enhanced low-level easterly winds were prominent across the equatorial Pacific Ocean during early and late August. Tropical convection remained suppressed over the western and central Pacific, and was near average over Indonesia [Fig. 5]. Both the Southern Oscillation and Equatorial Southern Oscillation indices were positive. Overall, the coupled ocean-atmosphere system was consistent with La Niña conditions.

A majority of the models in the IRI/CPC plume predict the continuation of La Nina (Niño-3.4 index less than -0.5°C) through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2020-21 [Fig. 6]. The forecaster consensus supports that view, and favors a borderline moderate event (Niño-3.4 index near -1.0°C) during the peak November-January season. In summary, La Niña conditions are present and are likely to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter (~75% chance; click CPC/IRI consensus forecast for the chance of each outcome for each 3-month period).


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https://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/ ... disc.shtml
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Re: ENSO Updates: Breaking News: CPC=La Niña is present

#11692 Postby TheStormExpert » Thu Sep 10, 2020 9:06 am

It looks like the long anticipated La Niña has arrived!

 https://twitter.com/TheSteveCop/status/1304047669044817921


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Re: ENSO Updates: CPC=La Niña is present

#11693 Postby cycloneye » Thu Sep 10, 2020 12:17 pm

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Re: ENSO Updates: CPC=La Niña is present

#11694 Postby Kingarabian » Thu Sep 10, 2020 3:24 pm

I think the ocean is there (La Nina) and the atmosphere will eventually resemble one. But during late winter 2019 and early spring 2020, the atmosphere also resembled an El Nino and the ocean supported it and the CPC refused to call it. We'll see in January what ONI says with the new update.
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11695 Postby Kingarabian » Fri Oct 02, 2020 3:59 pm

Long range CFS has backed off on its December dateline WWB and continues to show easterlies running the show. La Nina will likely continue into January 2021. Since 2014, there has been a strong WWB over the dateline during February. Key thing is to watch is for hints of an active MJO moving over the Pacific during December and January. If this fails to occur then a La Nina could again be likely for summer 2021.
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Re: ENSO Updates

#11696 Postby USTropics » Tue Oct 06, 2020 9:23 am

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Re: ENSO Updates

#11697 Postby cycloneye » Thu Oct 08, 2020 8:10 am

EL NIÑO/SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO)
DIAGNOSTIC DISCUSSION
issued by
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER/NCEP/NWS
and the International Research Institute for Climate and Society
8 October 2020

ENSO Alert System Status: La Niña Advisory


Synopsis: La Niña is likely to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2020-21 (~85% chance) and into spring 2021 (~60% chance during February-April).

La Niña continued during September, as evidenced by below-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) extending from the Date Line to the eastern Pacific Ocean [Fig. 1]. The SST indices in the two westernmost Nino regions, Nino-4 and Nino-3.4, cooled throughout the month, and the Nino-3.4 index was -1.1°C in the past week [Fig. 2]. The equatorial subsurface temperature anomalies (averaged from 180°-100°W) remained substantially unchanged [Fig. 3], and continued to reflect below-average temperatures from the surface to 200m depth in the eastern Pacific Ocean [Fig. 4]. The atmospheric circulation anomalies over the tropical Pacific Ocean remained consistent with La Niña. Low-level wind anomalies were easterly across most of the tropical Pacific, and upper-level wind anomalies were westerly over the east-central Pacific. Tropical convection continued to be suppressed from the western Pacific to the Date Line, and a slight enhancement of convection emerged over Indonesia [Fig. 5]. Also, both the Southern Oscillation and Equatorial Southern Oscillation indices remained positive. Overall, the coupled ocean-atmosphere system indicates the continuation of La Niña.

A majority of the models in the IRI/CPC plume predict La Nina (Niño-3.4 index less than -0.5°C) to persist through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2020-21 and to weaken during the spring [Fig. 6]. The latest forecasts from several models, including the NCEP CFSv2, suggest the likelihood of a moderate or even strong La Nina (Niño-3.4 index values < -1.0°C) during the peak November-January season. The forecaster consensus supports that view in light of significant atmosphere-ocean coupling already in place. In summary, La Niña is likely to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2020-21 (~85% chance) and into spring 2021 (~60% chance during February-April; click CPC/IRI consensus forecast for the chances in each 3-month period).

La Niña is anticipated to affect temperature and precipitation across the United States during the upcoming months (the 3-month seasonal temperature and precipitation outlooks will be updated on Thurs. October 15th).


Image

https://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/ ... disc.shtml
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Re: ENSO Updates: CPC October update: 85% of La Niña thru Spring

#11698 Postby weeniepatrol » Thu Oct 08, 2020 10:30 am

CFS is on crack

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Re: ENSO Updates: CPC October update: 85% of La Niña thru Spring / Moderate to Strong

#11699 Postby cycloneye » Thu Oct 08, 2020 3:16 pm

From the Enso Blog.

La Niña’s reign continues in the tropical Pacific, with an approximately 85% chance of lasting through the winter. Forecasters currently think this La Niña will be on the stronger side.


ENSO Blog
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Re: ENSO Updates: CPC October update: 85% of La Niña thru Spring / Moderate to Strong

#11700 Postby Weather Dude » Thu Oct 08, 2020 4:27 pm

Do they think this La Niña could last into next summer/fall? We don't need a 6th active Atlantic season in a row... We've had enough storms to deal with the last 5 years
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